Formative and summative assessments are the backbone of a course and can help determine the learner’s success. This section focuses on the types of formal assessments given in an online environment and the tools that support them. You’ll also find resources on giving feedback to students to improve engagement and learning.

Best Practices

Types of Assessment – There are multiple options for assessment, including discussion boards, assignments in which students upload a file, group work, self-assessments, and proctored and non-proctored quizzes and exams.

Alternate Assessments – An overview of the many alternative authentic assessments instructors can use to assess student learning online without the need for proctored exams. (This link will take you to a DELTA News article.)

Creative Alternate Assessments As you think about assessments that best meet your course objectives and goals, consider assessing students by harnessing technologies they are familiar with. This resource outlines ideas that you would easily integrate into your course.  (This link will take you to a DELTA News article.)

Best Practices for Creating Multiple-Choice QuestionsUsing multiple-choice questions can be a reliable means of assessment. This resource will help you learn to create effective multiple-choice questions for assessing students learning.

Promoting Academic Integrity in Moodle Quizzes – How can you configure your online quizzes and exams to make them more secure? While there is no silver bullet to defeat all types of cheating, there are some settings and best practices you can consider for promoting academic integrity when using Moodle quizzes for assessment.

Exam Best Practices – A review of the options for administering exams and other assessments in your online course.

Create Quality Final Assessments Online Learn tips on creating quality final assessments for the online learning environment from our DELTA’s experts in assessment and instruction Design teams. (This link will take you to a DELTA News article.)

Common Mistakes When Writing Multiple-Choice Questions – This guide offers recommendations for writing better multiple-choice questions.


Providing Effective Feedback – Effective feedback improves students’ learning throughout the learning process.  This resource helps you to explore different options to find the best fit for the instructor or peer feedback for your content.

Rubric Best Practices, Examples, and Templates – Rubrics provide not only explicit assessment instructions and expectations to students but also serve as informative feedback to help students reflect on their learnings.  Refer to rubric best practices, examples, and templates for creating and applying rubrics in your courses.

Sample Simplified Discussion Forum Rubrics – Examples of discussion forum rubrics with references.


Google Assignments – With Google Assignments, you can collect assignments and give feedback by integrating Google Drive and Moodle.

Peer Review with Digital Tools – Feedback is a crucial part of learning but doesn’t only have to come from instructors.

Real-time Assessments and Check-ins – Learn how interactive tools can foster an active learning environment and enhance your students’ learning.

Turnitin – Promote academic integrity in writing assignments.

Gradescope — Gradescope is grading software that is designed to make assignment submission and grading easier.